Tuesday, 29 April 2014

Comparision of buffalo, goat and sheep milk

Buffalo milk
Buffalo milk is totally natural product that can be consumed like any other milk. Buffalo milk is very white and beautifully smooth. It is significantly lower in cholesterol and higher in calcium than cow’s, sheep’s and goat’s milk. Buffalo milk contain 58% more calcium, 40% more protein and 43% less cholesterol than cow’s . Buffalo milk is also rich source of iron, phosphorus, vitamin A and off course protein. Buffalo milk contains high levels of the natural antioxidant tocopherol. Peroxidate activity is normally 2-4 times that of cow’s milk. Buffalo milk is suitable for many suffering from cows milk allerge (CMA). The high milk solids of buffalo milk is ideal for processing in to superb dairy products and contributes to significant energy savings. Buffalo mozzarella –smooth texture and richness is simply the best.
Goat milk
Goat milk is as close to a perfect food as possible in nature. Goat milk is a highly compatible nursing natural food for people who are allergic to cow’s milk. Goat milk helps to neutralize mucous. The fat content in goat milk is very low compared to cow milk. The fat globules are 1/9 the size of cow milk, making it a very easy natural food to breakdown. Goat milk digest easily making it the perfect food for children, the elderly and pets that have been weaned from their mother. Goat milk neutralizes acids and toxins. Goat milk is high in healing enzyme and has a superior form of calcium that cow milk. Goat milk is compatible with most Abunda life powder formulas.
Sheep milk is the most nutritious milk. Nutritionist says that vitamin and mineral contents of sheep’s milk is superior to that of other commercial available milk. The 45% mono or polyunsaturated fats it contains are beneficial to the circulatory system. Sheep milk to be beneficial in the treatment of a range of ailments from asthma to eczema. Sheep are used to produce pharmaceuticals in their blood and milk. Some of the world’s most famous cheeses are originally made from sheep’s milk. Roque fort, Feta, Ricotta and Pecorina Romano. Sheep milk is also made in to yogurt, butter. Sheep’s milk is commonly used to make cultured dairy products well known cheese mad from sheep milk include the “Feta”. Sheep milk is richer in fat, solids and minerals. This makes it ideal for cheese making process. Most people who are allergic to cow milk products or who are lactose intolerant can use sheep milk products. Sheep milk is more acceptable to the human digestive system in comparison to cow’s milk. Sheep milk does not have such a strong smell and taste as goat’s milk. Large consumption of sheep milk is thought to lead to longevity because of high calcium content, sheep milk is also good for the prevention of osteoporosis. Sheep milk is ideal for cheese production as it contains double the amount of solids as compared to cow or goat milk. Sheep milk have abundant of zinc which is essential for a healthy skin. Sheep milk contain double the amount of butter fat in comparison to goat’s and cow’s milk. The fat globules in sheep milk are smaller than those in either cow or goat milk. Sheep milk is more homogenous. The smaller fat globules more easily digested and are less likely to cause high cholesterol. Sheep milk contain three times more whey proteins, which contributes to better digestibility. It is proved that the lactose in sheep milk is more acceptable to people than that of other type of milk. Vitamins like B-complex and especially vitamins like A, D and E occurs naturally in large quantities in sheep milk. Sheep milk is especially high in folic acid and Vitamin B12.

Friday, 18 April 2014

Papita - Nutritious Fruit

पपीता एक सर्व सुलभ सस्ता और अत्यंत गुणकारी फल है।  पपीते का लैटिन नाम केरिका पापाया है। पपीते के  पेप्सिन नामक पाचक तत्व का एक मात्र पाचक स्त्रौत है। पपीते के दूध को पपेन कहते है। पपीता एक ऐसा फल है जो कच्चा और पका दोनों ही रूप में खाया जाता है । पपीता विटामिन A, B और C का बड़ा अछा स्त्रौत है । पपीता ब्राज़ील नाइजीरिया भारत और इंडोनेशिया में पाया जाता है ।

 पपीते के गुण एवं उपयोग :
 कच्चे पपीते के दूध का उपयोग कैंसर डिप्थेरिआ अल्सर एवं चरम रोग आदि की दवाइयों के निर्माण में किया जाता है ।
  1. पपीते का पपेन तत्व पाण्डु रोग तथा लिवर वृद्धि रोग रोकने में उपयोगी सिद्ध हुआ है । 
  2. कब्ज , अर्जीण, पथरी, एवं भूक ना लगने जैसी परेशानियों हो तो पपीता रोज खाए। 
  3. पपीता खाने से धातु संबंधी विकार एवं वीर्य की कमी दूर होती है । 
  4. गर्भवती महिलाओ के लिए पपीता खाना वर्जित है।

Thursday, 17 April 2014

Cattle breeds of Madhya Pradesh

India posse’s vast animal genetic resources with a wide variety of indigenous livestock germ plasma distributed throughout its agro-climatic regions. There are many breeds of each domestic species of livestock. There are 30 breeds of cattle. These breeds have same number of chromosome, their shape, size and quantity and interbreeding animals with similar reproductive behavior. Breed is a group of animals of the same species which belong together because they have the same origin, share certain physical, physiological characteristics and are of commercial value.

Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest city of country with great biodiversity of livestock. In Madhya Pradesh most of the cattle breeds are of nondescript type, but few important breeds of cattle found are Nimari, Malvi, Gaolao and Kenkatha.

Gaolao is a dual purpose breed reared for draught mainly for fast transportation and milk production. This breed is found in   Balaghat, Chhindwara, Rajnandgoan and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh, Durg district of Madhya Pradesh and Wardha district of Maharastra. The average age at maturity and age at first calving were 41 and 53 months respectively. The average service period and calving interval were 192 and 485 days respectively. The average gestation period recorded was 287 days. Gaolao cows are fair milkers. The average daily milk yield and lactation milk yield were 2.9  and 540 kgs respectively.  The average lactation and dry period were 198 and 284 days respectively.

Kenkatha or Kenwariya is a well-known draught cattle breed of Bundelkhand region, which covers parts of both Madhya Pradesh as well as Uttar Pradesh along Ken River. In Madhya Pradesh, the breed is found in three districts i.e. Chhatarpur, Panna and Tikamgarh. The cows are poor milk producers, the bullocks are well known for their draught capacity.  Kenwariya animals are  very popular for light draft on road and for cultivation. They are observed to thrive on poor feed.  On account of the hilly nature of the region and the poor grazing, only animals which can cover long distances and have strong feet can thrive under such rigorous conditions.


Animals of Malvi breed are medium sized, strong and robust. The body has been observed as compact, squarely built and not massive, with well proportionate limbs. The animals had a fine bearing and intelligent look.  The body color varied from white to gray or gray iron-gray color was also found. Cows and bullocks were comparatively lighter in color than the bulls.  Muzzle and eyelids were black in color. Malvi animals were having medium hump and medium thin dewlap. The average age at maturity and age at first calving were 40 and  49 months respectively. The average service period and calving interval were 116 and 402 days respectively.  The average gestation period recorded was 271 days. The average daily milk yield and lactation milk yield were 2.55 and 916 kgs respectively.  The average lactation and dry period were 260 and 151 days respectively.

This breed is originated from West Nimar tract of the Madhya Pradesh. It is believed to be originated from the cross of Gir and Khillari breeds along the Narmada valley round Maheshwar and Barwani region. The Nimari cattle was brownish red (copper color) and white giving spotted appearance.  Due to spots or patches they are also called as Chitkabri in local Nimari language. Nimari animal had a long and somewhat narrow head above the nostril region. In Majority of the animals had a bulging forehead. Horns were generally medium size having pinkish brown color. Horn emerged in a backward direction, later they turn upward, outward and finally inward. Eye canthus was pink in color. The average age at maturity and age at first calving were 44 and 54 months respectively. The average service period and calving interval were 235 and 552 days respectively.  The average gestation period recorded was 271 days. The average daily milk yield and lactation milk yield were 2.50 and 804 kg respectively.  The average lactation and dry period were 298 and 221 days respectively.